Primaries, Wahlmänner, Vereidigung: der Weg ins Weiße Haus ist kompliziert. Die wichtigsten Fakten zum US-Wahlsystem. Die USA hat gewählt. Neuer Präsident der USA wird der Republikaner Donald Trump. Auf dieser Seite und im Statista-Dossier zur US-Wahl finden Sie. Diese möglichen Kandidaten wollen Nachfolger von US-Präsident Donald Trump werden.
Das Vokabular war nur wenig schwieriger. Trump hatte bereits zu Beginn seiner Kandidatur mehr Follower in den sozialen Medien als alle seine parteiinternen Gegenkandidaten zusammen.
Er hatte im Show- und Celebrityumfeld seit Jahrzehnten Erfahrung und entsprechende Vernetzung und wurde bevorzugt zitiert und besprochen.
Trump hingegen blieb konsequent bei der vereinfachten Satzstruktur und signalisierte so auch Distanz vom professionellen Politikbetrieb.
Er wiederholte Fragen zu genaueren Vorgehensweisen, anstatt sie zu beantworten, und verwies auf Anekdoten, anstatt sich auf Details festzulegen.
Trump benutzt nach einer linguistischen Untersuchung einen deutlich femininer konnotierten Sprachstil als alle seine Konkurrenten, auch als Hillary Clinton.
Clinton verfiel insbesondere in kritischen Zeiten ihrer Karriere in genderspezifisch unterschiedlich verstandene Ausdrucksweisen.
November wurde in allgemeiner Wahl, durch die jeweiligen Wahlberechtigten der 50 Bundesstaaten sowie Washington D.
Entgegen diesem am 8. Dezember durch eben jenes Gremium insgesamt sieben abweichende Stimmabgaben. Die Stimmzettel wurden versiegelt; sie wurden am 6.
Dezember deutlich, dass es sieben Abweichler gab. Es gab bis zum Russische Einflussnahme auf den Wahlkampf in den Vereinigten Staaten Hillary Clinton Announces Presidential Bid.
Jim Webb drops out of Democratic primary race , Yahoo News, Der Link wurde automatisch als defekt markiert. Lessig drops out of presidential race , Politico, 2.
Sanders declares as Democrat in NH primary. The New Republic , Mai , abgerufen am Mai amerikanisches Englisch. Juni , abgerufen am Juli , abgerufen am Rick Perry to Run for President.
Scott Walker suspends presidential campaign. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , The Guardian , Graham ends his campaign for the White House. Republikaner Pataki verzichtet auf Kandidatur.
Spiegel Online , vom Memento des Originals vom Mike Huckabee Suspends His Campaign. Spiegel Online , 7.
Rand Paul suspends presidential campaign. Washington Post , vom 3. Rick Santorum drops presidential bid, endorses Marco Rubio. CNN , vom 4.
Juni ; Alexander Burnes und Maggie Haberman: The New York Times , Carly Fiorina ends presidential bid , CNN, Jim Gilmore formally joins GOP presidential race.
USA Today , vom Jim Gilmore drops out of GOP presidential race. Jeb Bush suspends his campaign. CNN , vom Ben Carson ends campaign, will lead Christian voter group.
Marco Rubio Launches Presidential Campaign. The Washington Post , Kandidatur von Ted Cruz: The Art of the Demagogue. The Economist , 3.
Spiegel Online , 4. North Dakota delegate puts Trump over the top. August , abgerufen am Paul Ryan Is Running for President. New York , 4. Johnson to run as Libertarian candidate.
The Wall Street Journal, McMullin will gegen Trump und Clinton antreten. August , archiviert vom Original am 9.
August ; abgerufen am We hope to compete in all 50 states. It was held on Tuesday, November 7, Republican candidate George W. Bush , won the election by defeating Democratic nominee Al Gore , the incumbent vice president.
It was the fourth of five presidential elections in which the winning candidate lost the popular vote , and is considered one of the closest elections in US history.
Vice President Gore secured the Democratic nomination with relative ease, defeating a challenge by former Senator Bill Bradley.
Bush was seen as the early favorite for the Republican nomination and, despite a contentious primary battle with Senator John McCain and other candidates, secured the nomination by Super Tuesday.
Both major party candidates focused primarily on domestic issues, such as the budget, tax relief, and reforms for federal social insurance programs, although foreign policy was not ignored.
On election night, it was unclear who had won, with the electoral votes of the state of Florida still undecided. The returns showed that Bush had won Florida by such a close margin that state law required a recount.
A month-long series of legal battles led to the contentious, 5—4 Supreme Court decision of Bush v. Gore , which ended the recount. With the end of the recount, Bush won Florida by a margin of 0.
The Florida recount and subsequent litigation resulted in a major post-election controversy, and various individuals and organizations have speculated about who would have won the election in various scenarios.
Article Two of the United States Constitution provides that the President and Vice President of the United States must be natural-born citizens of the United States, at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of at least 14 years.
Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the political parties of the United States, in which case each party devises a method such as a primary election to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position.
Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate.
The general election in November is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College ; these electors in turn directly elect the President and Vice President.
President Bill Clinton, a Democrat and former Governor of Arkansas , was ineligible to seek reelection to a third term due to restrictions of the Twenty-second Amendment.
In accordance with Section I of the Twentieth Amendment , his term expired at Al Gore from Tennessee was a consistent front-runner for the nomination.
Running an insurgency campaign, Bradley positioned himself as the alternative to Gore, who was a founding member of the centrist Democratic Leadership Council.
While former basketball star Michael Jordan campaigned for him in the early primary states, Bradley announced his intention to campaign "in a different way" by conducting a positive campaign of "big ideas".
The focus of his campaign was a plan to spend the record-breaking budget surplus on a variety of social welfare programs to help the poor and the middle-class, along with campaign finance reform and gun control.
The closest Bradley came to a victory was his 50—46 loss to Gore in the New Hampshire primary. On March 14, Al Gore clinched the Democratic nomination.
Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman was nominated for vice president by voice vote. Lieberman became the first Jewish American ever to be chosen for this position by a major party.
Gore chose Lieberman over five other finalists: Bush became the early front-runner, acquiring unprecedented funding and a broad base of leadership support based on his governorship of Texas and the name recognition and connections of the Bush family.
Former cabinet member George Shultz played an important early role in securing establishment Republican support for Bush.
The group, which was "looking for a candidate for with good political instincts, someone they could work with", was impressed, and Shultz encouraged him to enter the race.
Several aspirants withdrew before the Iowa Caucus because they did not secure funding and endorsements sufficient to remain competitive with Bush.
Pat Buchanan dropped out to run for the Reform Party nomination. On the national stage, Bush was portrayed in the media as the establishment candidate.
McCain, with the support of many moderate Republicans and Independents, portrayed himself as a crusading insurgent who focused on campaign reform.
Gary Bauer dropped out. After coming in third in Delaware Forbes dropped out, leaving three candidates. The primary election that year also affected the South Carolina State House , when a controversy about the Confederate flag flying over the capitol dome prompted the state legislature to move the flag to a less prominent position at a Civil War memorial on the capitol grounds.
Most GOP candidates said the issue should be left to South Carolina voters, though McCain later recanted and said the flag should be removed.
On February 24, McCain criticized Bush for accepting the endorsement of Bob Jones University despite its policy banning interracial dating.
On February 28, McCain also referred to Rev. Jerry Falwell and televangelist Pat Robertson as "agents of intolerance", a term he would later distance himself from during his bid.
He lost the state of Virginia to Bush on February McCain would eventually become the Republican presidential nominee 8 years later , which he then lost to Barack Obama.
Bush accepted the nomination of the Republican party. Bush asked former Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney to head up a team to help select a running mate for him, but ultimately, Bush decided that Cheney himself should be the vice presidential nominee.
Constitution does not specifically disallow a president and a vice president from the same state, it does prohibit electors from casting both of his or her votes for persons from his or her own state.
Accordingly, Cheney—who had been a resident of Texas for nearly 10 years—changed his voting registration back to Wyoming.
Had Cheney not done this, either he or Bush would have forfeited their electoral votes from the Texas electors. The nomination went to Pat Buchanan  and running mate Ezola Foster from California , over the objections of party founder Ross Perot and despite a rump convention nomination of John Hagelin by the Perot faction see Other nominations below.
In the end, the Federal Election Commission sided with Buchanan, and that ticket appeared on 49 of 51 possible ballots. Browne was nominated on the first ballot and Olivier received the vice presidential nomination on the second ballot.
Neil Smith and the national Libertarian Party. The Constitution Party was on the ballot in 41 states. Although the campaign focused mainly on domestic issues, such as the projected budget surplus, proposed reforms of Social Security and Medicare , health care, and competing plans for tax relief, foreign policy was often an issue.
Bush criticized Clinton administration policies in Somalia , where 18 Americans died in trying to sort out warring factions, and in the Balkans, where United States peacekeeping troops perform a variety of functions.
Republicans strongly denounced the Clinton scandals, particularly Bush, who made his repeated promise to restore "honor and dignity" to the White House a centerpiece of his campaign.
Ralph Nader was the most successful of third-party candidates. His campaign was marked by a traveling tour of large "super-rallies" held in sports arenas like Madison Square Garden , with retired talk show host Phil Donahue as master of ceremonies.
Both vice presidential candidates Dick Cheney and Joe Lieberman campaigned aggressively in the presidential election. After the presidential election , the Commission on Presidential Debates set new candidate selection criteria.
A settlement was reached that included an apology to Nader. As the night wore on, the returns in a handful of small-to-medium-sized states, including Wisconsin , Iowa and Oregon, were extremely close; however, it was the state of Florida that would decide the winner of the election.
As the final national results were tallied the following morning, Bush had clearly won a total of electoral votes, while Gore had won votes.
Two hundred and seventy votes were needed to win. Two smaller states — Wisconsin 11 electoral votes and Oregon 7 electoral votes — were still too close to call.
It was Florida 25 electoral votes , however, on which the news media focused its attention. They based this prediction substantially on exit polls.
However, in the actual vote tally Bush began to take a wide lead early in Florida, and by 10 p. EST the networks had retracted that prediction and placed Florida back into the "undecided" column.
However, most of the remaining votes to be counted in Florida were located in three heavily Democratic counties— Broward , Miami-Dade , and Palm Beach —and as their votes were reported Gore began to gain on Bush.
Gore, who had privately conceded the election to Bush, withdrew his concession. On November 8, Florida Division of Elections staff prepared a press release for Secretary of State Harris that said overseas ballots must be "postmarked or signed and dated" by Election Day.
It was never released. According to a report by The New York Times , of the accepted overseas ballots were received after the legal deadline, lacked required postmarks, were unsigned or undated, cast after election day, from unregistered voters or voters not requesting ballots, lacked a witness signature or address, or were double-counted.
Miami-Dade eventually halted its recount and resubmitted its original total to the state canvassing board, while Palm Beach County failed to meet the extended deadline, turning in its completed recount results at 7: Gore formally contested the certified results.
A state court decision overruling Gore was reversed by the Florida Supreme Court, which ordered a recount of over 70, ballots previously rejected as undervotes by machine counters.
Supreme Court halted that order the next day, with Justice Scalia issuing a concurring opinion that "the counting of votes that are of questionable legality does in my view threaten irreparable harm to petitioner" Bush.
Even if the Supreme Court had decided differently in Bush v. Gore , the Florida Legislature had been meeting in Special Session since December 8 with the sole stated purpose being the selection of a slate of electors on December 12, should the dispute still be ongoing.
The electors would then only have been rejected if both GOP-controlled houses had agreed to reject them. Though Gore came in second in the electoral vote, he received , more popular votes than Bush,  making him the first person since Grover Cleveland in to win the popular vote but lose in the Electoral College.
A victory in any of these three states would have given Gore enough electoral votes to win the presidency. This is the 1st time since in which a non incumbent republican candidate won West Virginia.
Bush was the first Republican in American history to win the presidency without winning Vermont or Illinois, the second Republican to win the presidency without winning California James A.
Garfield in was the first or Pennsylvania Richard Nixon in was the first , and the first winning Republican not to receive any electoral votes from California Garfield received one vote in Bush also lost in Connecticut, the state of his birth.
As of , Bush is the last Republican nominee to win New Hampshire. This marked the first time since Iowa entered the union in in which the state voted for a Democratic presidential candidate in four elections in a row , , , and , and the last time Iowa did not vote for the overall winner.
There were two counties in the nation that had voted Republican in and voted Democratic in The election was also the last time a Republican won a number of populous urban counties that have since turned into Democratic strongholds.
Conversely, as of Gore is the last Democrat to have won any counties at all in Oklahoma. Vote share by county for Green Party candidate Ralph Nader.
Darker shades indicate a stronger Green performance. Data comes from https: Thus, in Arizona, Smith received 5, votes, constituting 0. In both states, two electoral votes are awarded to the winner of the statewide race and one electoral vote is awarded to the winner of each congressional district.
The Libertarian Party of Arizona opted to place L. Bush became the president-elect and began forming his transition committee.
On January 6, , a joint session of Congress met to certify the electoral vote. Twenty members of the House of Representatives , most of them members of the all-Democratic Congressional Black Caucus , rose one-by-one to file objections to the electoral votes of Florida.
However, pursuant to the Electoral Count Act of , any such objection had to be sponsored by both a representative and a senator.
Therefore, Gore, who presided in his capacity as President of the Senate , ruled each of these objections out of order. Subsequently, the joint session of Congress certified the electoral votes from all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Bush took the oath of office on January 20, He would serve for the next eight years. The commission found that under most scenarios for completion of the initiated recounts, Bush would have won the election; however, Gore would have won using the most generous standards for undervotes.
Petersburg Times  —hired NORC at the University of Chicago  to examine , ballots that were collected from the entire state, not just the disputed counties that were recounted; these ballots contained undervotes ballots with no machine-detected choice made for president and overvotes ballots with more than one choice marked.
Their goal was to determine the reliability and accuracy of the systems used for the voting process. For all undervotes and overvotes statewide, these five standards are: Such a statewide review including all uncounted votes was a tangible possibility, as Leon County Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis , whom the Florida Supreme Court had assigned to oversee the statewide recount, had scheduled a hearing for December 13 mooted by the U.
Subsequent statements by Judge Lewis and internal court documents support the likelihood of including overvotes in the recount. Further, according to sociologists Christopher Uggen and Jeff Manza, the election might have gone to Gore if the disenfranchised population of Florida had voted.
Florida law disenfranchises convicted felons, requiring individual applications to regain suffrage. In their American Sociological Review article, Uggen and Manza found that the released felon vote could have altered the outcome of seven senatorial races between and , and the presidential election.
Because the presidential election was so close in Florida, the United States government and state governments pushed for election reform to be prepared by the presidential election.
Many voters had difficulties with the paper-based punch card voting machines and were either unable to understand the required process for voting or unable to perform the process.
This resulted in an unusual amount of overvote voting for more candidates than is allowed and undervotes voting for fewer than the minimum candidates, including none at all.
Many undervotes were caused by voter error, unmaintained punch card voting booths, or errors having to do merely with the characteristics of punch card ballots resulting in hanging, dimpled, or pregnant chads.
A proposed solution to these problems was the installation of modern electronic voting machines. The United States presidential election of spurred the debate about election and voting reform, but it did not end it.
In the aftermath of the election, the Help America Vote Act HAVA was passed to help states upgrade their election technology in the hopes of preventing similar problems in future elections.
Unfortunately, the electronic voting systems that many states purchased to comply with HAVA actually caused problems in the presidential election of Breaking its own guidelines, [ citation needed ] VNS called the state as a win for Gore 12 minutes before polls closed in the Florida panhandle.
Although most of the state is in the Eastern Time Zone, counties in the Florida panhandle, located in the Central Time Zone, had not yet closed their polls.
Discrepancies between the results of exit polls and the actual vote count caused the VNS to change its call twice, first from Gore to Bush and then to "too close to call".
Due in part to this and other polling inaccuracies [ citation needed ] the VNS was disbanded in According to Bush adviser Karl Rove , exit polls early in the afternoon on election day showed Gore winning by three percentage points, but when the networks called the state for Gore, Bush led by about 75, votes in raw tallies from the Florida Secretary of State.
Also, charges of media bias were leveled against the networks by Republicans. They claimed that the networks called states more quickly for Al Gore than for George W.
Congress held hearings on this matter, [ citation needed ] and the networks claimed to have no intentional bias in their election night reporting.
However, a study of the calls made on election night indicated that states carried by Gore were called more quickly than states won by Bush [ citation needed ] ; however, notable Bush states, like New Hampshire and Florida, were very close, and close Gore states like Iowa, Oregon, New Mexico and Wisconsin were called late as well.
Because the Florida call was widely seen as an indicator that Gore had won the election, it is possible that it depressed Republican turnout in these states during the final hours of voting, giving Gore the slim margin by which he carried each of them.
Likewise, the call may have affected the outcome of the Senate election in Washington state , where incumbent Republican Slade Gorton was defeated by approximately 2, votes statewide.
Many Gore supporters claimed that third-party candidate Nader acted as a spoiler in the election since Nader votes could have been cast for Gore, and for instance, Nader allegedly threw the election outcome to Bush.
Winning either state would have won the general election for Gore.